Journal Articles

Ernst, J. R., & Reynolds, A. J. (2021). Preschool instructional approaches and age 35 health and well-being. Preventive Medicine Reports, 23, 101498. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101498 Open access

Giovanelli, A., & Reynolds, A. J. (2021). Adverse childhood experiences in a low-income black cohort: The importance of context. Preventive Medicine, 148, 106557. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2021.106557 Open access

Mondi, C. F., Giovanelli, A., & Reynolds, A. J. (2021). Fostering socio-emotional learning through early childhood intervention. International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy, 15(1), 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40723-021-00084-8 Open access

Mondi, C. F., & Reynolds, A. J. (2021). Socio-emotional learning among low-income prekindergartners: The role of individual factors and early intervention. Early Education and Development, 32 (3), 360-384, DOI: 10.1080/10409289.2020.1778989  MLS data

Ou, S., Yoo, S., & Reynolds, A. J. (2021). Educational growth trajectories in adulthood: Findings from an inner-city cohort. Developmental Psychology, 57(7), 1163–1178. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0001198 NEW

Reynolds, A. (2021). Child development as social action: Reflections on four underrated contributions of Edward Zigler to science and society. Development and Psychopathology, 33, 466-482. doi:10.1017/S0954579420001777

Reynolds, A. J. (2021). Interstate variability in covid-19 infection and death rates: Do climate, health conditions, and distancing policies matter? Journal of Public Health Policy and Planning, 5(1), 1-3.

Reynolds, A. J., Eales, L., Ou, S., Mondi, C. F., & Giovanelli, A. (2021). A Comprehensive, Multisystemic Early Childhood Program and Obesity at Age 37 Years. JAMA Pediatrics. Online supplement. Open access

Reynolds, A. J., Ou, S. Eales, L., Mondi, C. F., & Giovanelli, A. (2021). Assessment of a Comprehensive Early Childhood Education Program and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Midlife. JAMA Network Open, 4(8), e2120752-e2120752. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.20752 NEW Open access

Reynolds, A. J., Richardson, B. A., & Lee, S. (2021). Preschool and kindergarten impacts of the Midwest expansion of the Child–Parent Centers in the Saint Paul public schools. Developmental Psychology, 57(4), 489–505. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0001160 MLS data.

Eales, L., Reynolds, A. J., & Ou, S. (2020). Childhood Predictors of Adult Obesity in the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Preventive Medicine, 132. The manuscript is now available in PubMed Central (PMC) for public access.

Giovanelli, A., Reynolds, A.J., Mondi, C.F., and Ou, S. (2020). Adverse Childhood Experiences: Mechanisms of risk and resilience in a longitudinal urban cohort. Development and Psychopathology, 32 (4), 1418-1439. The manuscript is now available in PubMed Central (PMC) for public access.

Mondi, C. F., Reynolds, A. J., & Richardson, B. A. (2020). Early Childhood Education and Adult Depression: An Attrition Reanalysis With Inverse Propensity Score Weighting. Evaluation Review, 44(5-6): 379-409. https://doi.org/10.1177/0193841X20976527

Ou, S., Mondi, C. F., Yoo, S., Park, K., Warren, B. & Reynolds, A. J. (2020). Thirty years later: Locating and interviewing participants of the Chicago Longitudinal Study.  Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 51, 1-13. The manuscript is now available in PubMed Central (PMC) for public access.

Varshney, N., Lee, S., Temple, J. A., & Reynolds, A. J. (2020). Does early childhood education enhance parental school involvement in second grade?: Evidence from Midwest Child-Parent Center Program. Children and Youth Services Review, 117, 105317. MLS data

Reynolds, A. J., & Candee, A. J. (2019). Dimensionality and Predictive validity of the Classroom Learning Activities Checklist in Prekindergarten. Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 31, 381-407. doi:10.1007/s11092-019-09306-7. MLS data

Reynolds, A. J. Margo, S. W., Ou, S. & Eales, L. (2019). Are Parent Involvement and School Quality Associated with Adult Smoking Behaviors? Findings from an Urban Early Childhood Cohort. Preventive Medicine, 127. Open access

Reynolds, A. J., Ou, S.-R., Mondi, C. F., & Giovanelli, A. (2019). Reducing poverty and inequality through preschool-to-third-grade prevention services. American Psychologist, 74(6), 653-672.  The manuscript is now available in PubMed Central (PMC) for public access.

Ou, S. Arteaga, I. Reynolds, A.J. (2019). Dosage Effects in the Child-Parent Center PreK-to-3rd Grade Program: A Re-Analysis in the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Children and Youth Services Review, 101, 285-298. The manuscript is now available in PubMed Central (PMC) for public access.

Reynolds, A. J. (2019). The Power of P-3 School Reform. Phi Delta Kappan 100(6), 27-33.

Giovanelli, A. Hayakawa, M, Englund, M.M., & Reynolds, A. J. (2018). African-American Males in Chicago: Pathways From Early Childhood Intervention to Reduced Violence.  Journal of Adolescent Health, 62(1), 80-86.

Reynolds, A. J., Ou, S. & Temple, J.A. (2018). A multi-component, Preschool-to-3rd grade Preventive intervention and educational attainment at age 35. JAMA Pediatrics, 172(3), 247-256. Open access.

Smerillo, N.E., Reynolds, A.J., Temple, J.A. & Ou, S. (2018). Chronic absences, eighth grade achievement, and high school attainment in the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Journal of School Psychology, 67, 163-178.

Mondi, C., Reynolds, A. J. & Ou, S. (2017). Predictors of Depressive Symptoms in Emerging Adulthood in a Low-Income Urban Cohort.  Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 50,45-59.

Reynolds, A. J. Hayakawa, M., Ou, S., Mondi, C. F., Englund, M. M., Candee, A. J. & Smerillo, N. E. (2017) Scaling and Sustaining an Effective Early Childhood Intervention through School-Family-University Collaboration. Child Development. 88(5), 1453-1465. Open access.

Reynolds, A. J., Ou, S., Mondi, C. F. & Hayakawa, M. (2017). Processes of Early Childhood Interventions to Adult Well-Being. Child Development, 88(2), 378-387.

Richardson, B. A., Reynolds, A. J., Temple, J. A., & Smerillo, N. E. (2017). School readiness in the Midwest Child-Parent Center Expansion: A propensity score analysis of year 1 impacts. Children and Youth Services Review, 79 (Supplement C), 620-630. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.06.042. MLS data

Chesmore, A. A., Ou, S. & Reynolds, A. J. (2016). Childhood Placement in Special Education and Adult Well-Being. Journal of Special Education, 50(2), 109-120.

Giovanelli, A. Reynolds, A. J., Mondi, C. F. & Ou, S. (2016). Adverse Childhood Experiences and Adult Well-Being in a Low-Income, Urban Cohort. Pediatrics, 137 (4).

Hayakawa, M., Giovanelli, A., Englund, M., & Reynolds, A. J. (2016). Not just academics: Paths of longitudinal effects from Parent Involvement to Substance Abuse in Emerging Adulthood. Journal of Adolescent Health, 58(4), 433-439.

Reynolds, A. J., & Ou, S. (2016). Generative mechanisms in early childhood interventions: A confirmatory research framework for prevention. Prevention Science, 17(7), 794-805.

Reynolds, A. J., Richardson, B., Hayakawa, C. M., Englund, M. M., & Ou, S. (2016). Multi-Site Expansion of an Early Childhood Intervention and School Readiness. Pediatrics. 2016;138(1):e20154587. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015-4587.

Voith LA, Topitzes J, Reynolds AJ. (2016). Violent Victimization Among Disadvantaged Young Adults Exposed to Early Family Conflict and Abuse: A 24-Year Prospective Study of the Victimization Cycle Across Gender. Violence and Victims, 31(4): 767-85.

Hayakawa M, Englund MM, Candee A, et al. (2015). Effective Partnerships in School Reform: Lessons Learned From the Midwest Child-Parent Center Expansion. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk. 20(4), 263-280. MLS data

Temple, J. A. & Reynolds, A.J. (2015). Using cost-benefit analysis to scale up early childhood programs through Pay for Success financingJournal of Benefit-Cost Analysis. 6, 628-653.

Temple, Judy A. and Arthur J. Reynolds. (2015). Using social impact borrowing to expand preschool to third grade programs in urban public schoolsJournal of Education for Students Placed At Risk, 20, 281-292.

Arteaga,I., Humpage, S., Reynolds, A.J. & Temple, J.A. (2014). One Year of Preschool or Two–Is It Important for Adult Outcomes? Results from the Chicago Longitudinal Study of the Child-Parent Centers,  Economics of Education Review, 40, 221-237.

Chan, W., Ou, S. & Reynolds, A. J. (2014). Adolescent Civic Engagement and Adult Outcomes: An Examination among Urban Racial Minorities.  Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(11), 1829-1843.

Ou, S. & Reynolds, A. J. (2014). Early Determinants of Postsecondary Education Participation and Degree attainment: Findings from an Inner-City Minority Cohort.  Education and Urban Society, 46(4), 474 – 504.

Reynolds, A. J., Richardson, B., Hayakawa, C. M., Lease, E. M. Warner-Richter, M. Englund, M. M., Ou, S., Sullivan, M. (2014). Association of a full-day vs part-day preschool intervention with school readiness, attendance, and parent involvement.  Journal of American Medical Association, 312(20):2126-34. doi: 10.1001/jama.2014.15376. MLS data

Hayakawa, C. M., Englund, M. M., Warner-Richter, M., & Reynolds, A. J. (2013). Early parent involvement and student achievement: A longitudinal path analysis. NHSA Dialog: A Research-to-Practice Journal for the Early Childhood Field, 16(1), 103-126.

Herbers, J. E., Reynolds, A. J., & Chen, C. (2013). School mobility and developmental outcomes in young adulthood. Development and Psychopathology, 25, 501-515.

Mersky, J. P., Topitzes, J., & Reynolds, A. J. (2013). Impacts of adverse childhood experiences on health, mental health, and substance use in early adulthood: A cohort study of an urban, minority sample in the U.S. Child Abuse & Neglect, 37 (11), 917-925.

Ou, S. & Reynolds, A. J. (2013). Timing of first childbirth and young women’s postsecondary education in an inner-city minority cohort. Urban Education, 48(2), 289-313.

Topitzes, J., Mersky, J. P., Dezen, K.A., & Reynolds, A. J. (2013). Adult resilience among maltreated children: A prospective investigation of main effect and mediating models,Children and Youth Services Review, 35 (6), 937-949.

Mersky, J. P., Topitzes, J., & Reynolds, A. J. (2012). Unsafe at any age: Linking childhood and adolescent maltreatment to delinquency and crime. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 49, 295-318.

Topitzes, J., Mersky, J. P., & Reynolds, A. J. (2012). From child maltreatment to violent offending: An examination of mixed-gender and gender-specific models. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 27, 2322-2347.

Chen, C., Reynolds, A. J., & Symons, F. (2011). Prospective analyses of childhood factors and anti-social behavior for students with high-incidence disabilities. Behavioral Disorders, 37, 5-18.

Mersky, J. P., Topitzes, J., & Reynolds, A. J. (2011). Maltreatment prevention through early childhood intervention: A confirmatory evaluation of the Chicago Child-Parent Center preschool program. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 1454-1463.

Reynolds, A. J., Temple, J. A. Ou, S., Arteaga, I. A. & White, B. A. (2011). School-Based Early Childhood Education and Age-28 Well-Being: Effects by Timing, Dosage, and Subgroups.Science, 9 June 2011 DOI: 10.1126/science.1203618. “This is the author’s version of the work. It is posted here by permission of the AAAS for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Science, 9 June 2011, doi:10.1126/science.1203618.”

Reynolds, A. J. & Ou, S. (2011). Paths of effects from preschool to adult well-being: A confirmatory analysis of the Child-Parent Center Program. Child Development. 82(2), 555-582.

Reynolds, A. J. Temple, J. A., White, B., Ou, S. & Robertson, D. L. (2011). Age-26 Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Child-Parent Center Early Education Program. Child Development, 82(1), 379-404. Appendix: Technical Report. Science News.

Topitzes, J., Mersky, J. P., & Reynolds, A. J. (2011). Child maltreatment and offending behavior: Gender-specific effects and pathways. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 38, 492-510

Arteaga, I., Chen, C. & Reynolds, A. J. (2010).  Childhood predictors of adult substance abuse.Children and Youth Services Review, 32, 1108-1120.

Mersky, J. P. & Topitzes, J. (2010). Comparing early adult outcomes of maltreated and non-maltreated children: A prospective longitudinal investigation. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(8), 1086-1096.

Ou, S. & Reynolds, A. J. (2010). Grade Retention, Postsecondary Education, and Public Aid Receipt. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 32(1), 118-139.

Ou, S. & Reynolds, A. J. (2010). Mechanisms of the Long-Term Effects of Early Intervention Program on Educational Attainment: A Gender Subgroup Analysis. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(8), 1064-1076.

Ou, S. & Reynolds, A. J. (2010). Childhood predictors of young adult male crime. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(8), 1097-1107.

Reynolds, A. J., Magnuson, K. & Ou, S. (2010). Preschool-to-third grade programs and practices: A review of research. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(8), 1121-1131.

Reynolds, A. J. & Ou, S. (2010). Early childhood to young adulthood: An introduction to the special issue. Children and Youth Services Review, 32, 1045-1053.  

Reynolds, A. J. Temple, J. A., & Ou, S. (2010). Preschool Education, Educational Attainment, and Crime: Contributions of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(8), 1054-1063.

Robertson, D. L. & Reynolds, A. J. (2010). Family profiles and educational attainment. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(8), 1077-1085.

Temple, J. A., Reynolds, A. J. & Arteaga, I. (2010) Low birth weight, preschool education, and school remediation, Education and Urban Society, 42, 705-729.

Topitzes, J., Mersky, J. P., & Reynolds, A. J. (2010). Child Maltreatment and adult cigarette smoking: A developmental model of long-term mediation Effects. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 35(5), 484-498.

White, B. A. B., Temple, J. A., & Reynolds, A. J. (2010). Predicting adult criminal behavior from juvenile delinquency: Ex-ante vs. ex-post benefits of early intervention. Advances in Life Course Research, 15(4), 161-170. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2010.10.005

Mersky, J., Berger, L.M., Reynolds, A. J. & Gromoske, A. N. (2009). Risk factors for child maltreatment: A longitudinal investigation of a cohort of inner-city youth. Child Maltreatment, 14(1), 73-88.

Mersky, J. P., Topitzes, J., & Reynolds, A. J. (2009). Chronic neglect: Prediction and prevention. Protecting Children, 41(1), 67-77.

Reynolds, A. J., Mathieson, L., & Topitzes, J. (2009). Can early childhood intervention prevent child maltreatment? A review of research. Child Maltreatment, 14(2), 182-206.

Topitzes, J., Godes, O, Mersky, J. P., Ceglarek, S. & Reynolds, A. J. (2009). Educational success and adult health: Findings from the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Prevention Science, 10(2), 175-95.

Niles, M. D. & Peck, L. (2008). How Poverty and Segregation Impact Child Development: Evidence from the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Journal of Poverty. 12(3): 306-332.

Niles, M. D. Reynolds, A. J. & Roe-Sepowitz, D. (2008). Early childhood intervention and early adolescent social and emotional competence: Second-generation evaluation evidence from the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Educational Research, 50(1), 55-73.

Ou, S. (2008). Do GED Recipients Differ from Graduates and School Dropouts? Findings from an Inner-City Cohort. Urban Education, 43(1), 83-117.

Ou, S. & Reynolds, A. J.  (2008). Predictors of Educational Attainment in the Chicago Longitudinal Study. School Psychology Quarterly, 23(2), 199-229.

Reynolds, A. J. & Temple, J. A. (2008). Long-term effects of early childhood interventions: A critical analysis. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 4, 109-139.

Mersky, J. P. & Reynolds, A. J. (2007). Predictors of early childbearing: Evidence from the Chicago longitudinal study. Children and Youth Services Review, 29 (1), 35-52.

Mersky, J. P., & Reynolds, A. J. (2007). Child maltreatment and violent delinquency: Disentangling main effects and subgroup effects. Child Maltreatment, 12(3), 246-258.

Ou, S., Mersky, J. P., Reynolds, A. J., & Kohler, K. M. (2007). Alterable predictors of educational attainment, income, and crime: Findings from an inner-city cohort. Social Service Review, 81(1): 85-128.

Reynolds, A. J. Temple, J. A., Ou, S., Robertson, D. L., Mersky, .J. P., Topitzes, J. W. & Niles, M. D. (2007). Effects of a School-Based, Early Childhood Intervention on Adult Health and Well Being: A 19-Year Follow Up of Low-Income Families. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 161(8), 730-739.

Temple, J. A. & Reynolds, A. J. (2007). Benefits and costs of investments in preschool education: Evidence from the Child-Parent Centers and related programs. Economics of Education Review, 26 (1), 126-144.

Mann, E. A. & Reynolds, A. J. (2006). Early intervention and juvenile delinquency prevention: Evidence from the Chicago Longitudinal StudySocial Work Research, 30 (3), 153-167.

Niles, M. D., Reynolds, A. J. & Nagasawa, M. (2006). Does Early Childhood Intervention Affect the Social and Emotional Development of Participants? Early Childhood Research & Practice, 8 (1).

Ou, S. & Reynolds, A. J. (2006). Early childhood intervention and educational attainment: Age 22 findings from the Chicago Longitudinal Study.   Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 11 (2), 175-198.

Ou, S. (2005).  Pathways of long-term Effects of an Early Intervention Program on Educational Attainment: Findings from the Chicago Longitudinal Study.  Journal of Applied Developmental psychology, 26 (5), 578-611.

Reynolds, A. J. (2005). Confirmatory program evaluation: Applications to early childhood interventions.  Teachers College Record, 107 (10), 2401-2425.

Reynolds, A. J. & Temple, J. A. (2005). Priorities for a new century of early childhood programs.  Infants & Young Children, 18 (2), 104-118.

Barnard, W. M. (2004).  Parent involvement in elementary school and educational attainment.  Children and Youth Services Review, 26 (1), 39-62.

Clements, M. A., Reynolds, A. J. & Hickey, E. (2004).  Site-level predictors of children’s school and social competence in the Chicago Child-Parent Centers.  Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 19, 272-296.

Graue, E. Clements, M. A. Reynolds, A. J. & Niles, M. D. (2004).  More than teacher directed or child initiated: Preschool curriculum type, parent involvement, and children’s outcomes in the Child-Parent Centers.  Education Policy Analysis Archives, 12 (72).

Mehana, M. & Reynolds, A. J. (2004). School mobility and achievement: a meta-analysis.  Children and Youth Services Review, 26 (1), 93-119.

Reynolds, A. J. (2004).  Research on Early Childhood Interventions in the Confirmatory Mode.  Children and Youth Services Review, 26 (1), 15-38.

Reynolds, A. J. & Ou, S. (2004).  Alterable Predictors of Child Well-Being in the Chicago Longitudinal Study.  Children and Youth Services Review, 26 (1), 1-14.

Reynolds, A. J., Ou, S. & Topitzes, J. W. (2004)  Paths of effects of early childhood intervention on educational attainment and delinquency: A confirmatory analysis of the Chicago Child-Parent Centers. Child Development, 75 (5), 1299-1338.

Smokowski, P. R., Mann, E. A., Reynolds, A. J. & Fraser, M. W. (2004).  Childhood risk and protective factors and late adolescent adjustment in inner city minority youth. Children and Youth Services Review, 26 (1), 63-91.

Conyers, L. M. Reynolds, A. J. & Ou, S. (2003).  The effect of early childhood intervention on subsequent special education services: Findings from the Chicago Child-Parent Centers.  Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 25 (1), 75-95.

Reynolds, A. J. & Robertson, D. L.  (2003). School-based early intervention and later child maltreatment in the Chicago Longitudinal Study.  Child Development, 74 (1), 3-26.

Reynolds, A. J., Temple, J. A., & Ou, S. (2003). School-based early intervention and child well-being in the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Child Welfare, 82, 633-656.

Reynolds, A. J. (2002). Early childhood interventions: Knowledge, practice, and policy.  Focus, 22 (1), 112-117.

Reynolds, A. J., Temple, J. A., Robertson, D. L., and Mann, E. A. (2002).  Age 21 cost-benefit analysis of the Title I Chicago Child-Parent Centers.  Educational Evaluation and policy Analysis, 24 (4), 267-303.  (Previous version, Institute for Research on Poverty, Discussion paper 1245-02.) Appendix: Technical Report.

Reynolds, A. J., Temple, J. A., Robertson, D. L., Mann, E. A. (2001).  Long-term effects of an early childhood intervention on educational achievement and juvenile arrest- A 15-year follow-up of low-income children in public schools.  Journal of American Medical Association, 285 (18), 2339-2346.

Reynolds, A. J., Miedel, W. T., Mann, E. A. (2000). Adopting innovation in early childhood education: The Child-Parent Center Program. Young Children, 55(2), 84-88.

Temple, J. A., Reynolds, A. J., Miedel, W. T. (2000).  Can early intervention prevent high school dropout?  Evidence from the Chicago Child-Parent Centers.  Urban education.  35(1), 31-56.  (Previous version presented at Head Start’s Fourth Annual Research Conference, July 10, 1998).

Gill, S. & Reynolds, A. J. (1999).  Educational expectations and school achievement of urban African American children.  Journal of School Psychology. 37 (4),  403-424.

Miedel, W. T., Reynolds, A. J. (1999).  Parent involvement in early intervention for disadvantaged children: Does it matter?Journal of School Psychology, 37 (4), 379-402.  (Previous version presented at Head Start’s Fourth Annual Research Conference, July 10, 1998).

Reynolds, A. J. (1999).  Educational success in high-risk settings: Contributions of the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Journal of School Psychology. 37 (4),  345-354.

Smokowski, P. R., Reynolds, A. J., Bezruczko, N. (1999).  Resilience and protective factors in adolescence: An autobiographical perspective from disadvantaged youth.  Journal of School Psychology, 37(4), 425-448. (Previous version presented at the American Educational Research Association Conference, 1997, Chicago, IL).

Temple, J. A., & Reynolds, A. J. (1999). School mobility and achievement: Longitudinal results from an urban cohort.  Journal of School Psychology, 37 (4), 355-377.

Reynolds, A. J. (1998). Confirmatory program evaluation: A method for strengthening causal inference. American Journal of Evaluation, 19, 203-221.

Reynolds, A. J. (1998). Developing early childhood programs for children and families at risk: Research-based principles to promote long-term effectiveness. Children and Youth Services Review, 20, 503-523.

Reynolds, A. J. (1998). Resilience among black urban youth: Prevalence, intervention effects, and mechanisms of influence. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 68, 84-100.

Reynolds, A. J., Chang, H., & Temple, J. A. (1998). Early educational intervention and juvenile delinquency: An exploratory analysis. Evaluation Review, 22, 341-372.

Reynolds, A. J., & Temple, J. A. (1998). Extended early childhood intervention and school achievement: Age 13 findings from the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Child Development, 69, 231-246.

Reynolds, A. J., Mann, E., Miedel, W., & Smokowski, P. (1997). The state of early childhood intervention: Effectiveness, myths and realities, new directions. Focus, 19 (1), 3-11.

Reynolds, A. J., & Wolfe, B. (1997). Early intervention, school achievement, and special education placement: Findings from the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Focus, 19 (3), 25-28.

Reynolds, A. J., Mavrogenes, N. A., Bezruczko, N., & Hagemann, M. (1996). Cognitive and family-support mediators of preschool intervention: A confirmatory analysis. Child Development, 67, 1119-1140.

Reynolds, A. J. (1995).  One year of preschool intervention or two: Does it matter?  Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 10, 1-31.

Reynolds, A. J., Mehana, M., & Temple, J. A. (1995).  Does preschool intervention affect children’s perceived competence?  Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 16, 211-230.

Reynolds, A. J., & Temple, J. A. (1995). Quasi-experimental estimates of the effects of a preschool intervention: Psychometric and econometric comparisons. Evaluation Review, 19, 347-379.

Mavrogenes, N. A., & Bezruczko, N. (1994).  A study of the writing of fifth-grade disadvantaged children.  Journal of Educational Research, 87, 228-238.

Reynolds, A. J. (1994). Effects of a preschool plus follow-on intervention for children at risk. Developmental Psychology, 30, 787-804.

Reynolds, A. J., & Gill, S. (1994).  The role of parental perspectives in the school adjustment of children at risk.  Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 23, 671-694.

Reynolds, A. J., Mavrogenes, N. A., Hagemann, M., & Bezruczko, N. (1993). Schools, families, and children: Sixth year results from the Longitudinal Study of Children at Risk. Chicago Public Schools, Department of Research, Evaluation and Planning.

Reynolds, A. J. (1992). Grade Retention and School Adjustment – an Explanatory Analysis. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 14(2), 101-121.

Reynolds, A. J. (1991). Early Schooling of Children at Risk. American Educational Research Journal, 28(2), 392-422.

Reynolds, A. J. (1989). A structural model of first-grade outcomes for an urban, low socioeconomic status, minority population. Journal of Educational Psychology, 81(4), 594-603. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.81.4.594