Selected Publications


Beck, D. M., Eales, L., & Carlson, S. M. (2020). Hot and cool executive function in overweight/obese preschool children. Cognitive Development, 54.

DiStefano, R*. Galinsky, E., & Zelazo, P. D. (2020). The influence of neuroscience on early childhood education. In D. F. Gullo & M. E. Graue (Eds.), Scientific influences on early childhood education:  From diverse perspectives to common practices. New York: Routledge.

Distefano, R.*, Schubert, E. C., Finsaas, M. C., Desjardins, C. D., Helseth, C. K., Lister, M., Carlson, S. M., Zelazo, P. D., & Masten, A. M. (2020). Ready Set Go! A promising school readiness program to boost executive function skills in preschoolers experiencing homelessness and high mobility. European Journal of Developmental Psychology.

Grenell, A.*, & Carlson, S. M. (in press). Individual differences in executive function and learning: The role of knowledge type and conflict with prior knowledge. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology.

Pesch, A.*, Semenov, A.*, & Carlson, S. M. (2020). The path to fully representational theory of mind: Conceptual, executive, and pragmatic challenges. Frontiers in Psychology. November 2020 |

Semenov, A. D.*, & Zelazo, P. D. (2019). Mindful family routines and the cultivation of executive function skills in childhood. Human Development, 63, 112-131.

Semenov, A. D*., Kennedy, D., & Zelazo, P. D. (2020). Mindfulness and executive function: Implications for learning and early childhood education. In M. S. C. Thomas, I. Dumontheil, & D. Mareschal (Eds.), Educational neuroscience: Development across the life span. New York: Routledge.

Almy, B. K.*, & Zelazo, P. D. (2015). Reflection and executive function: Foundations for learning and healthy development. Revista Argentina de Ciencias del Comportamiento, 7(1), 53-59.

Carlson, S. M., Faja, S.*, & Beck, D. M.* (2015). Incorporating early development into measurement approaches: The need for a continuum of measures across development. In J. A. Griffin, P. McCardle, & L. S. Freund (Eds.), Executive function in preschool age children: Integrating measurement, neurodevelopment, and translational research (pp. 45-64). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Casey, E. C.*, Finsaas, M., Carlson, S. M., Zelazo, P. D., Murphy, B., Durkin, F., Lister, M., & Masten, A. S. (2014). Promoting resilience through executive function training for homeless and highly mobile preschoolers. In S. Prince-Embury & D. Saklofske (Eds.) Resilience Interventions in Diverse Populations (pp. 133-158). New York: Springer.

Doebel, S.*, & Zelazo, P. D. (in press). Seeing conflict and engaging control: Experience with contrastive language benefits executive function in preschoolers. Cognition.

Galinsky, E., Bezos, J., McClelland, M., Carlson. S. M., & Zelazo, P. D. (in press). Civic science for public use: Mind in the Making and Vroom. Child Development.

Grenell, A.*, & Carlson, S. M. (2016). Pretense. Sage Encyclopedia of Contemporary Early Childhood Education (pp. 1075-1077). New York: Sage.

Meuwissen, A. S.*, Anderson, J. E., & Zelazo, P. D. (2016). The Creation and Validation of the Developmental Emotional Faces Stimulus Set. Behavior Research Methods. doi:10.3758/s13428-016-0756-7.

Meuwissen, A.S.* & Carlson, S.M. (2015). Fathers matter: The role of father autonomy support in preschoolers’ executive function development. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 140, 1-15.

Moriguchi, Y., Chevalier, N., & Zelazo, P. D. (2016). Editorial: Development of executive function during childhood. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:6. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00006

Morton, J. B., & Carlson, S. M. (2017). The bilingual advantage: Evidence and alternative views. In M. Hoskyn, G. Iarocci, & A. Ruth (Eds.), Executive functions in children’s everyday lives. New York: Oxford University Press.

Perone, S.*, Almy, B.*, & Zelazo, P. D. (in press). Toward an understanding of the neural basis of executive function development. In R. L. Gibb & B. Kolb (Eds.), The neurobiology of brain and behavioral development (2nd ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Prager E. O.*, Sera, M., and Carlson, S.M. (2016) Executive function and magnitude skills in preschoolers. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 147, 126-139.

Semenov, A. D.*, & Zelazo, P. D. (in press). The development of hot and cool executive function: A foundation for learning and a framework for early childhood education. In L. Meltzer & J. Dunstan-Brewer (Eds.), Executive function in education: From theory to practice (2nd edition). New York: Guilford Press.

Sera, M., Maratsos, M., & Carlson, S. M. (Eds.) (in press). Culture and developmental systems. New York: Wiley.

White, R. E.*, Prager, E. O.*, Schaefer, C.*, Kross, E., Duckworth, A. L., & Carlson, S. M. (in press). The “Batman Effect:” Improving perseverance in young children. Child Development.

Woltering, S., Lishak, V., Hodgson, N., Granic, I., & Zelazo, P. D. (2016). Executive function in children with externalizing and comorbid internalizing behavior problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 57(1), 30-38.

Zelazo, P. D., Blair, C. B., & Willoughby, M. T. (2016). Executive function: Implications for education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Research, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Available at

Recent Professional Presentations

Carlson, S. M. (2017, February). Shaping Executive Function Skills: What Can Caregivers Do? Invited speaker at the Simms/Mann Institute Think Tank. Beverly Hills, CA.

Carlson, S. M. (2016, October). Invited keynote speaker at the Early Learning Community Lecture Series, Marsico Institute for Early Learning and Literacy, University of Denver.

Zelazo, P. D. (2016, September). Executive Function Skills: Foundation for Learning and Adaptation. Invited Lecture, Pennsylvania Departments of Human Services and Education, Philadelphia, PA.

Zelazo, P. D. (2016, July). Reflection Training: Executive Function and the Developing Brain. Invited Opening Plenary, International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development (ISSBD), Vilnius, Lithuania.

Zelazo, P. D. (2016, May). Executive Function: Foundation for Learning. Invited Plenary Lecture, Göteborg AMBLE International Symposium on Reading, Mathematics and the Developing Brain, Göteborg, Sweden.

Carlson, S. M. (2015, November). Executive function: The “X” factor in early learning. Invited presentation in Research Panel on Executive Function, National Association for the Education of Young Children Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL.

Carlson, S. M. (2015, May). Executive function and psychological distance. Invited workshop for teachers, Zhejiang Normal University, Hangzhou, China.